pineapple Bedeutung, Definition pineapple: 1. (the yellow flesh and juice of) a large tropical fruit with a rough orange or brown skin and. Im Winterhalbjahr kamen die Pflanzen in durch Öfen beheizte Gewächshäuser (Pinery, auch Pineapple Stove). Mit dieser Methode, bei der durch ständige. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für pineapple im Online-Wörterbuch dfechildprotection-munroforster.com (Deutschwörterbuch).
Deutsch-Englisch-WörterbuchÜbersetzung für 'pineapple' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Die Ananas ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Bromeliengewächse. Sie ist ursprünglich in Amerika heimisch und wird heute weltweit in den tropischen Gebieten als Obstpflanze angebaut. Sie bildet fleischige Fruchtstände, die frisch verzehrt. Übersetzung im Kontext von „pineapple“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: pineapple juice.
Pineapple Choisissez votre modèle d'iPhone VideoSHING MUN - PINEAPPLE DUM (HongKong) The pineapple is the only cultivated fruit whose main stem runs completely through it. The fruit is eaten fresh where available and in canned form worldwide. National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Since Gratis Strippoker s, Tripeaks Solitaire has been commercially grown in greenhouses and many tropical plantations. More about Pineapple Professional resources Pineapple Advanced Reading.
In the 20th century, Hawaii was a dominant producer of pineapples, especially for the US; however, by , Costa Rica , Brazil , and the Philippines accounted for nearly one-third of the world's production of pineapples.
Pineapples grow as a small shrub; the individual flowers of the unpollinated plant fuse to form a multiple fruit. The plant is normally propagated from the offset produced at the top of the fruit,   or from a side shoot, and typically mature within a year.
The pineapple is a herbaceous perennial , which grows to 1. In appearance, the plant has a short, stocky stem with tough, waxy leaves. When creating its fruit, it usually produces up to flowers, although some large-fruited cultivars can exceed this.
Once it flowers, the individual fruits of the flowers join together to create a multiple fruit. After the first fruit is produced, side shoots called 'suckers' by commercial growers are produced in the leaf axils of the main stem.
These may be removed for propagation, or left to produce additional fruits on the original plant. In the first year of growth, the axis lengthens and thickens, bearing numerous leaves in close spirals.
The ovaries develop into berries , which coalesce into a large, compact, multiple fruit. The fruit of a pineapple is usually arranged in two interlocking helices.
Typically there are eight in one direction and 13 in the other, each being a Fibonacci number. The pineapple carries out CAM photosynthesis ,  fixing carbon dioxide at night and storing it as the acid malate , then releasing it during the day aiding photosynthesis.
The pineapple comprises five botanical varieties, formerly regarded as separate species: . In the wild, pineapples are pollinated primarily by hummingbirds.
Purchas, writing in English in , referred to the fruit as Ananas, but the OED's first record of the word "pineapple" itself by an English writer by Mandeville in The pineapple was documented in Peter Martyr's Decades of the New World in and Antonio Pigafetta's Le Voyage et Navigacion..
The pineapple fascinated Europeans as a fruit of colonialism  but it could not be successfully cultivated in Europe for several centuries until Pieter de la Court developed a greenhouse horticulture near Leyden from about In Russia, Catherine the Great ate pineapples grown on her own estates before They were initially used mainly for display at dinner parties, rather than being eaten, and were used again and again until they began to rot.
Many different varieties were tried, mostly from the Antilles, for European glasshouse cultivation. The most significant was 'Smooth Cayenne', imported to France in , and subsequently re-exported to the UK in and then from the UK via Hawaii to Australia and Africa.
The Spanish had introduced the pineapple into Hawaii in the 18th century,  but the first commercial plantation was not until Hawaiian production started to decline from the s because of competition and the shift to refrigerated sea transport.
Dole ceased its cannery operations in Honolulu in , and in , Del Monte terminated its pineapple-growing operations in Hawaii. In the Philippines, 'Smooth Cayenne' was introduced in the early s by the US Bureau of Agriculture during the American colonial period , and Dole and Del Monte also established plantations in the island of Mindanao in the s; in the provinces of Cotabato and Bukidnon , respectively.
The Philippines remain one of the top exporters of pineapples in the world. The flesh and juice of the pineapple are used in cuisines around the world.
In many tropical countries, pineapple is prepared and sold on roadsides as a snack. It is sold whole or in halves with a stick inserted.
Whole, cored slices with a cherry in the middle are a common garnish on hams in the West. Chunks of pineapple are used in desserts such as fruit salad, as well as in some savory dishes, including pizza toppings, or as a grilled ring on a hamburger.
Traditional dishes that use pineapple include hamonado , afritada , kaeng som pla , and Hawaiian haystack.
Crushed pineapple is used in yogurt, jam, sweets, and ice cream. It is made by fermenting pineapple juice with Komagataeibacter xylinus.
Pineapple vinegar is an ingredient found in Honduran , and Filipino cuisine , where it is produced locally. The Netherlands was the largest importer of pineapple juice in Europe.
Thailand , Costa Rica and the Netherlands are the major suppliers to the European Union market in — From —, the largest growth in pineapple juice consumption was by Angola.
The consumption of pineapple juice in China and India is low compared to their populations. Pininyahang manok Philippines. In , world production of pineapples was In commercial farming, flowering can be induced artificially, and the early harvesting of the main fruit can encourage the development of a second crop of smaller fruits.
Once removed during cleaning, the top of the pineapple can be planted in soil and a new plant will grow. Slips and suckers are planted commercially.
Like most modern fruit production , pineapple plantations are highly industrialized operations. Growers use toxic pesticides extensively, and run-off can flow into drinking water supplies.
Workers, frequently economic migrants , are poorly paid by the standards of Western, developed nations. Historically, tropical fruit agriculture, such as for pineapples, has been concentrated in so-called "banana republics.
Many cultivars are known. Many cultivars have become distributed from its origins in Paraguay and the southern part of Brazil , and later improved stocks were introduced into the Americas, the Azores, Africa, India, Malaysia and Australia.
In the US, in , the Pineapple Research Institute was dissolved and its assets divided between Del Monte and Maui Land and Pineapple.
Del Monte took cultivar '73—', dubbed 'MD-2', to its plantations in Costa Rica, found it to be well-suited to growing there, and launched it publicly in as 'Gold Extra Sweet', while Del Monte also began marketing '73—50', dubbed 'CO-2', as 'Del Monte Gold'.
Pineapple fruits and peels contain diverse phytochemicals , among which are polyphenols , including gallic acid , syringic acid , vanillin , ferulic acid , sinapic acid , coumaric acid , chlorogenic acid , epicatechin , and arbutin.
Present in all parts of the pineapple plant,  bromelain is a mixture of proteolytic enzymes. Bromelain is under preliminary research for treatment of a variety of clinical disorders, but has not been adequately defined for its effects in the human body.
If having sufficient bromelain content, raw pineapple juice may be useful as a meat marinade and tenderizer. The quantity of bromelain in a typical serving of pineapple fruit is probably not significant, but specific extraction can yield sufficient quantities for domestic and industrial processing.
Pineapples are subject to a variety of diseases, the most serious of which is wilt disease vectored by mealybugs  typically found on the surface of pineapples, but possibly in the closed blossom cups.
The causal agents of pink disease are the bacteria Acetobacter aceti , Gluconobacter oxydans , Pantoea citrea. Some pests that commonly affect pineapple plants are scales, thrips , mites, mealybugs, ants, and symphylids.
Heart-rot is the most serious disease affecting pineapple plants. The disease is caused by Phytophthora cinnamoni and P.
Since it is difficult to treat, it is advisable to guard against infection by planting resistant cultivars where these are available; all suckers that are required for propagation should be dipped in a fungicide, since the fungus enters through the wounds.
Some buyers prefer green fruit, others ripened or off-green. A plant growth regulator, Ethephon , is typically sprayed onto the fruit one week before harvest, developing ethylene , which turns the fruit golden yellow.
After cleaning and slicing, a pineapple is typically canned in sugar syrup with added preservative. A pineapple never becomes any riper than it was when harvested.
The fruit itself is quite perishable  and if it is stored at room temperature, it should be used within two days; however, if it is refrigerated, the time span extends to 5—7 days.
The 'Red Spanish' cultivar of pineapples were once extensively cultivated in the Philippines. These were woven into lustrous lace-like nipis fabrics usually decorated with intricate floral embroidery known as calado and sombrado.
The fabric was a luxury export from the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period and gained favor among European aristocracy in the 18th and 19th centuries.
They were favored for their light and breezy quality, which was ideal in the hot tropical climate of the islands. The industry was destroyed in the Second World War and is only starting to be revived.
Calado embroidery on a barong tagalog. A pineapple being prepared by a roadside vendor in Hainan , China. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Species of plant.
For other uses, see Pineapple disambiguation. Ananas acostae C. Commelijn Ananas ananas L. Ananas argentata J.
Ananas aurata J. Ananas bracteatus Baker Ananas coccineus Descourt. Ananas debilis Schult. Ananas lyman-smithii Camargo nom.
Ananas maxima Schult. Ananas ovatus Mill. Koch Ananas pyramidalis Mill. Ananas sativa Lindl. Ananas sativus Schult. Ananas serotinus Mill.
Ananas viridis Mill. Ananassa ananas L. Ananassa debilis Lindl. Bromelia ananas Willd. Bromelia communis Lam. Bromelia comosa L.
Bromelia edulis Salisb. Bromelia mai-pouri Perrier Bromelia pigna Perrier Bromelia rubra Schult. Bromelia violacea Schult. Bromelia viridis Mill.
Distiacanthus communis Lam. Rojas Acosta. Link to USDA Database entry. Chicken afritada Philippines. Tepache Mexico. Kaeng som pla Thailand. Main article: List of countries by pineapple production.
Main article: List of pineapple diseases. Play media. Food portal. Big Pineapple Pineapple cutter Pineapple cake Pineapple tart Vazhakulam pineapple.
Retrieved 25 July Retrieved 22 April Retrieved 6 December In Bartholomew, DP; Paull, RE; Rohrbach, KG eds.
The Pineapple: Botany, Production, and Uses. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing. UN Food and Agriculture Organization, Corporate Statistical Database FAOSTAT.
Retrieved 23 February Pineapple Working Group-International Horticultural Society. Retrieved 15 August They also plant and maintain different crops cassava, coffee, pineapple , plantain and attend to other duties to complement their spouses' activities.
It so happens that the soil is very suitable, and the fruit of good taste, everybody starts getting the pineapple from there.
The heir also holds the short-term use right to produce pineapple or food crops. Re-compacting the peat or adopting new systems with intercrops pineapple in this case are considerations.
Whereas in our study area the eviction of the strangers would mainly mean the loss of the land rent income, and of the intermediation gains in the pineapple sector.
The aim is to achieve totally bare soil, with moss cover that does not attract the pest, or planted with an unattractive intercrop such as pineapple.
Are we to say that, to arrive at the net drained weight, the pineapple is to be weighed immediately the tin is emptied? Extrait de Hansard archive.
Il contient une information parlementaire sous licence Open Parliament Licence v3. The result was a disastrously unviable pineapple production. I come now to the question of peaches, pineapples and all the other costly commodities which appear in the shop windows today.
Traductions de pineapple en chinois traditionnel. Avez-vous besoin d'un traducteur? Outil de traduction. Comment se prononce pineapple? Parcourir pine marten.
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